Kidney Disease Statistics

Demographics

Approximately 14.8 percent of U.S. adults have chronic kidney disease. – United States Renal Data System, 2016 Annual Data Report

1 of 2 adults aged 30-64 is expected to develop chronic kidney disease in his or her lifetime. – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

The prevalence of CKD is growing most rapidly in people ages 60 and older. – National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse

At the end of 2014, there were 678,383 dialysis and transplant patients receiving treatment for end-stage kidney disease. – United States Renal Data System, 2016 Annual Data Report

According to the American Society of Nephrology, there are 3,026,595 patients with chronic kidney disease in California and 58,999 patients on dialysis in the golden state.

African Americans are nearly four times as likely as Caucasians to develop kidney failure. – American Society of Nephrology

Latinos and Native Americans are twice as likely as Caucasians to develop kidney failure. – American Society of Nephrology

Costs and Medicare Spending

In 2014, the annual cost of treating end-stage kidney disease in the United States was $32.8 billion. – United States Renal Data System, 2016 Annual Data Report

Although patients with end-stage kidney disease are less than 1% of the total Medicare popula­tion, they account for 7.2% of Medicare spending. – United States Renal Data System, 2016 Annual Data Report

In 2014, the per-patient-per-year Medicare cost for hemodialysis was $87,638. For peritoneal dialysis, it was $73,612. – United States Renal Data System, 2016 Annual Data Report

Medicare spending for patients 65 and older who have chronic kidney disease exceeded $50 billion in 2014, representing 20% of all Medicare spending in this age group. – United States Renal Data System, 2016 Annual Data Report

Causes

The most common causes of kidney failure are diabetes and high blood pressure, together accounting for about 72% of new cases. – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Roughly 40% of individuals with CKD also have diabetes, 32% have hypertension, and 40% have self-reported cardiovascular disease. – United States Renal Data System, 2016 Annual Data Report

Obesity is a strong risk factor for diabetes and hypertension, and is known to be associated with a tripling of the risk of chronic kidney failure. More than one-third of U.S. adults (35.7%) and approxi­mately 17% (or 12.7 million) of children and adolescents aged 2 to 19 years are obese. – American Society of Nephrology, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

High blood pressure is both a cause and a result of kidney failure. Other causes include autoimmune and genetic diseases, metabolic disorders, infections, congenital abnormalities, injuries, and some medicines or other drugs. – National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse

Detection, Treatment, and Fatalities

Kidney disease is a “silent disease.”It often has no symptoms in its early stages and can go undetected until it is very advanced. – National Kidney Foundation

Three simple tests can detect CKD: blood pressure, an estimated glomerular filtration rate blood test (eGFR), which tells how well your kidneys are filtering, and a urine test to check for albumin (a protein that can pass into the urine when the kidneys are damaged). – National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Kidney disease is America’s ninth lead­ing cause of death, killing more people than breast or prostate cancer. – National Kidney Foundation

Kidney disease cuts lives short. Individuals with CKD are 16 to 40 times more likely to die than to reach end-stage kidney disease. – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Having kidney disease increases your chances of also having cardiovascular disease, heart attacks, and strokes. Half of people with kidney failure die from heart disease. – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, American Society of Nephrology

Dialysis, performed by hemodialysis three times per week, replaces only about 6% of normal kidney function.

Despite improvements in survival on dialysis over the years, only 56% of hemodialy­sis patients, and 67% of peritoneal dialysis patients, are alive three years after the onset of end-stage renal disease. – United States Renal Data System, 2016 Annual Data Report

In the U.S. alone, 98,258 people are on the transplant list awaiting a kidney. [as of February 13, 2017]. – U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

For transplant hopefuls, the gap between supply and demand continues to widen. With fewer than 18,000 kidney transplants performed in 2014, the active waiting list was 2.8 times larger than the supply of donor kidneys. – United States Renal Data System, 2016 Annual Data Report

Overall, renal transplants account for more than 69% of all solid organ transplants, worldwide. World Health Organization

Even a transplant is not a cure. Anti-rejection medications, which must be taken for a life­time, increase a patient’s risk of diabetes, cancer (particularly skin cancer), infection, heart problems, osteoporosis, and eventual damage to the transplanted kidney. – National Kidney Foundation

 

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